Books, articles, and e-resources

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Within this section, we provide a select list of works on Orthodoxy in the Baltic region in English, Russian, Estonian, and Latvian.

In English

M. R. Hatlie, ‘Crisis and Mass Conversion: Russian Orthodox Missions in Livonia, 1841-1917’ in I. Keul (ed.), Religion, Ethnie, Nation und die Aushandlung von Identitaten: regionale Religions-geschichte in Ostmittel- und Sudosteuropa (Berlin, 2005).

I. Paert and T. Schvak, ‘Orthodox Education in the Baltic Provinces of Imperial Russia and Independent Estonia from 1840s till 1941’, Quaestio Rossica, no. 3 (2014), pp. 142-158. Freely available at: https://qr.urfu.ru/ojs/index.php/qr/article/view/066/3024

I. Paert, ‘The Russian Imperial Practices of Language and Religion in the Classroom in the Baltic Provinces: The Case of the Orthodox Schools in Livland (1880-1914)’, Procedia: Social and Behavioral Sciences, 236 (2016), 362-367. Freely available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187704281631686X

I. Paert, ‘Monasticism in the Soviet Borderlands: a Russian Orthodox Convent in Estonia, 1945-52’ in O. Mertelsmann, ed., The Baltic States under Stalinist Rule (Bohlau Verlag: Koln, 2016), pp. 209-225.

J. Plaat and A. Maasik, Õigeusu kirikud, kloostrid ja kabelid Eestis/Pravoslavnye tserkvi, monastyri i chasovni v Ėstonii/Orthodox churches, convents and chapels in Estonia (Eesti Kunstiakadeemia: Tallinn, 2011). Photobook in Estonian, Russian, and English.

A. Polunov, ‘The Orthodox Church in the Baltic Region and the Policies of Alexander III’s Government’, Russian Studies in History, vol. 39, no. 4 (2001), pp. 66-76. Freely available at: https://www.academia.edu/3467146/The_Orthodox_Church_in_the_Baltic_Region_and_the_Policies_of_Alexander_III_s_Government_Russian_Studies_in_History_-_New_York._Spring_2001._Vol.39_No.4

S. Rimestad, The Challenges of Modernity to the Orthodox Church in Estonia and Latvia (1917-1940) (Peter Lang; Frankfurt am Main, 2012).

S. Rimestad, ‘Modernising Church Life: The Case of the Interwar Orthodox Churches in Estonia and Latvia’, Religion, State and Society, 40, 3:4 (2012), pp. 301-315.

D. C. Ryan, ‘Religious Conversion and the Problem of Commitment in Livland Province, 1850s-1860s’, Ajalooline Ajakiri, 3-4 (121/122) (2007), pp. 369-392. Freely available at: https://ojs.utlib.ee/index.php/EAA/article/view/320

D. C. Ryan, ‘Rumor, Belief, and Contestation amid the Conversion Movement to Orthodoxy in Northern Livonia’, Folklore, vol. 28 (2008), pp. 8-23.

D. C. Ryan, The Tsar’s Faith: Conversion, Religious Politics, and Peasant Protest in Imperial Russia’s Baltic Periphery, 1845-1870s (PhD diss.: University of California, 2008)

E. C. Thaden, Russification and the Baltic Provinces and Finland, 1855-1914 (Princeton University Press: Princeton, 2014).

K. Weber, Religion and Law in the Russian Empire: Lutheran Pastors on Trial, 1860-1917 (PhD diss.: New York University, 2013).

Website of the Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (also available in Russian and Estonian): http://www.orthodox.ee

Old version of the website of the Apostolic Estonian Orthodox Church: http://www.orthodoxa.org/GB/accueil_GB.htm

In Russian

Aleksii II (Patriarch of Moscow), Pravoslavie v Estonii [Orthodoxy in Estonia] (Moscow, 1999).

N. V. Balashov and S. L. Kravets (eds.), Pravoslavie v Estonii. Issledovaniia i dokumenty v dvukh tomakh [Orthodoxy in Estonia. Research and Documents in Two Volumes] (Moscow, 2010).

N. Demina, Rizhskii Sviato-Troitse-Sergieev zhenskii monastyr’ [The Riga Sviato-Troitse-Sergieev Convent] (Pētergalis: Riga, 2002).

G. Freeze, ‘Religioznaia politika Rossiiskoi imperii v Pribaltike [The Religious Policies of the Russian Empire in the Baltic]’, Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta, vol. 72, no. 4, (2017), pp. 777-806. Freely available from: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/religioznaya-politika-rossiyskoy-imperii-v-pribaltike

A. V. Gavrilin, Ocherki Rizhskoi eparkhii. 19 vek [Essays on the Riga Diocese. The 19th Century] (Filokalia: Riga, 1999).

A. V. Gavrilin, ‘Rizhskii period sluzheniia sviashchennoispovednika mitropolita Agafangela [The Riga Period of the Holy Confessor Metropolitan Agafangel]’, Vestnik PSTGU, Vyp. 1 (2005), pp. 47-61. Freely available from: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/rizhskiy-period-sluzheniya-svyaschennoispovednika-mitropolita-agafangela

A. V. Gavrilin, ‘Pochemu ne byl zakryt Rizhskii Sviato-Troitskii Sergiev monastyr? [Why was the Riga Sviato-Troitskii Sergiev Convent Not Closed?]’, Bogoslovskii sbornik PSTBI, vyp. 11 (2003), pp. 394-407. Freely available at: http://pstgu.ru/download/1237467511.gavrilin.pdf

Istoriia v pis’makh iz arkhiva sviashchennomuchenika arkhiepiskopa Rizhskogo Ioanna (Pommera) [History in Letters from the Archive of the Holy Martyr Archbishop of Riga Ioann (Pommer) (2 vols. Izdatel’stvo Bulat: Tver, 2015).

V. I. Musaev, Pravoslavie v Pribaltike v 1890-1930-e [Orthodoxy in the Baltic from 1890 to the 1930s] (Izdatel’stvo Politekhnicheskogo universiteta: St Petersburg, 2018).

M. I. Nepochatova, ‘K istorii Piukhtitskogo Uspenskogo zhenskogo monastyria v 1944-1962 gg. [On the History of the Pühtitsa Uspenskii Convent in 1944-1962]’, Vestnik PSTGU, Vyp. 2 (69), (2016), pp. 66-79. Freely available at: http://pstgu.ru/download/1461247154.5_Nepochatova_66-79.pdf

I. Paert (ed.). Pravoslavie v Pribaltike: Religiia, politika, obrazovanie, 1840-e – 1930-e gg. [Orthodoxy in the Baltic: Religion, Politics, Education, 1840s-1930s] (Tartu University Press: Tartu, 2018).

I. V. Petrov, Pravoslavnaia Baltiia, 1939-1952 gg.: period voin, repressii i mezhnatsional’nykh protivorechii [The Orthodox Baltic, 1939-1952: A Period of Wars, Repression, and International Conflicts] (Bumazhnye knigi: St Petersburg, 2016).

Piukhtitskaia obitel’ i ee prokovitel’ sviatoi pravednyi Ioann Kronshtadtskii [The Pühtitsa Convent and Its Benefactor St Ioann of Kronshtadt]. (Piukhtitskii Uspenskii stavropigal’nyi zhenskii monastyr’: Kuremiae, 2008). Freely available at: https://www.puhtitsa.ee/docs/puhtitsa-i-ioann-kronshtadtsky.pdf

Pravoslavie v Baltii [Orthodoxy in the Baltic]. Journal (2012-). Freely available at: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/search#ef=1&af=1&q=%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%B5%20%D0%B2%20%D0%91%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B8

S. Tsoia, ‘Istoriografiia istorii Pravoslaviia v Latvii (kratkii ocherk) [The Historiography of the History of Orthodoxy in Latvia]’, Zhurnal rossiiskikh i vostochnoevropeiskikh istoricheskikh issledovanii, no. 4 (2017), pp. 162-199. Freely available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/v/istoriografiya-istorii-pravoslaviya-v-latvii-kratkiy-ocherk

Website of the Pühtitsa convent: https://www.puhtitsa.ee/

Articles on various aspects of Orthodoxy and Old Belief in Latvia: https://www.russkije.lv/ru/pub/

Website on the Old Believers of Estonia: http://www.starover.ee/ru/

In Estonian

Website of the Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church (also available in French): www.eoc.ee

In Latvian

Website of the Latvian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (also available in Russian): http://www.pareizticiba.lv/